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Note to readers: This is a part of the “Turkey Investor Brief” series prepared by StratejiCo. If you would like to get a more comprehensive brief on investment opportunities, please get in touch with our team.
Our renewable energy report reveals a business-oriented overview into Turkish renewable energy. The report also gives a detailed analysis and understanding for opportunities and vitality of investments in Turkey.
Political and economic developments have recently demonstrated Turkey’s need to diversify its energy supply by making domestic resources available. Downing of the Russian plane on Nov. 24, 2015 in particular has had profound impact on Turkish policy makers to reconsider country’s options. This is why renewable energy has become a priority of the new Turkish government, as demonstrated by the statements of the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Berat Albayrak. The issue will remain an important topic as the Turkish economy is expected to grow by at least 3.5% in 2016.
Almost half of Turkey’s electricity generated is by natural gas - provided mostly by Russia (54%) and Iran (18%). The below graphic shows the distribution of electricity generation from different resources:
Source: Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Strategic Plan 2015 - 2019
Changing geopolitical conditions in the region, especially strained relations with Russia and Iran, mean that Turkey’s high dependency on these two suppliers is not sustainable in the long-term. This is why Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Berat Albayrak have repeatedly called for investments and innovative development in Turkey’s renewable energy market.
“There is something important that I tell the investors: Turkey has the potential for market consumption, but also as an export destination to the region. By way of encouraging both domestic investors and R&D centers, we have the strategy to make Turkey a regional renewable generator and an R&D center”
Berat Albayrak, Minister of Energy of Energy and Natural Resources
Jan. 27, 2016
Turkey has already declared to increase the percentage of renewable energy in primary energy supply from 10% to 30% by 2023. Furthermore, Turkey will be using renewable energy with 10% in transportation.
In addition to general renewable energy targets for 2023, Turkey has also set specific targets for each renewable energy sector.
Sources: Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, EMRA, General Directorate of Renewable Energy
Turkey’s geographic location increases the renewable energy potential mainly for hydro, solar, wind, geothermal and fuel oil. The existing capacities are planned to increase in parallel to the increase the renewable energy percentage in total amount of electricity production. The below chart show the current renewable energy generation capacity as of 2015:
Source: TEIAS, Load Dispatch Reports
Despite the relatively low capacity of solar energy compared to other renewable energy resources, Turkey is becoming more attractive for solar energy investors with the increasing public and private sector cooperation as well as supportive long term fiscal credits and incentives.
Incentives provided to foreign investors account for an installed capacity of 6,398 MW. This corresponds to 21% of the total installed capacity achieved via incentive documents. According to the Ministry of Economy, approximately 12 billion TL worth of incentives were provided to companies with foreign capital. There are different types of support schemes to attract investments in renewable energy. Turkish government can provide specific incentives according to the conditions of the investment. The incentives within the General Investment Plan are given below:
Moreover, Turkey provides specific feed-in tariffs for each renewable energy sector, as well as additional incentives for domestically produced equipment. The base feed-in tariff and the domestic equipment component can be combined in order to increase feasibility of renewable projects.
Turkey’s strategic vision in energy plans to effectuate Turkey as the regional renewable energy generator and R&D center. In this direction, public and private institutions (such as AFD - Agence Française de Developpement) work rigorously in order to realize Turkey’s renewable energy potential. As the roadmap of a developing economy, Turkey needs international collaboration especially in energy via investments, knowledge and innovation.
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StratejiCo. is an independent Turkish corporate and public affairs consultancy firm, providing trusted advice to multinational companies and government institutions in Eurasia since 1987.
This report is prepared by StratejiCo. based on the information gathered from publicly available sources. Opinions and views expressed in this view do not reflect StratejiCo.’s official view. The purpose of this content is to provide our readers with different perspectives about their businesses. StratejiCo. cannot be held liable or responsible for the decisions based on the information provided here.